نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

10.52547/jimp.10.4.117

چکیده

با توجه به حیاتی بودن کارآفرینی و وابستگی آن به نوآوری، این پژوهش به دنبال ارائه یک روش تلفیقی برای تخمین اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌های کارآفرینی و نوآوری با بهره‌گیری از روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره (MCDM) شامل ابعاد فردی، سازمانی و فرهنگی است. سپس در چارچوب روش فراترکیب، تلفیقی از یافته‌ها در قالب دسته‌بندی شاخص‌ها معرفی شد. بر مبنای روش فراتحلیل نظر خبرگان حوزه کارآفرینی و نوآوری گردآوری شد؛ همچنین به دو روش فرآیند تحلیل شبکه‌ای (ANP) و آزمایشگاه ارزیابی و امتحان تصمیم‌گیری (DEMATEL) فرایند ارزیابی، شناسایی وزن­ها و اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌ها صورت پذیرفت. این پژوهش به‌وضوح نشان داد که توانایی‌های فردی زمینه‌ساز خلق نوآوری و کارآفرینی در سازمان هستند و قابلیت‌های سازمان باید فضا و امکانات متناسب را در اختیار فرد قرار دهد تا به این دو مهم فعلیت بخشد. مهم‌ترین معیارها به­ترتیب انگیزه شغلی با وزن 3578/0 و آموزش و یادگیری در قالب سطح مهارت فردی با وزن 1240/0 شناخته شدند. مهم‌ترین گزینه که می‌تواند به‌عنوان هدف و الگو قرار گیرد، شرکت اول از سه شرکت تابعه شرکت بین‌المللی کیسون است که از منظر اولویت بهترین جایگاه را با وزن بالای 4498/0 به خود اختصاص داده است. شرکت‌های بعدی به‌­ترتیب با وزن­های 2579/0 و 2132/0 در جایگاه‌های دوم و سوم قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Evaluating the Entrepreneurship and Innovation Indicators of Smart International Companies Using DEMATEL-ANP

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Karimi 1
  • Farshid Namamian 2
  • Farhad Vafaei 3
  • Alireza Moradi 4

1 Ph.D Student, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch.

2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch.

3 Assistant Professor, University of Kurdistan.

4 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch.

چکیده [English]

Today, with the development of societies, entrepreneurship is vital, and so is the sustainability of an innovative entrepreneurial company. The main motive of this paper is to present a compilation methodology for estimating the priority of entrepreneurship and innovation indicators using multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods, so that the three key criteria for individual, organizational and cultural dimensions are simultaneously involved in this decision. Then, a combination of the findings was obtained which is introduced in the form of a categorization of indicators. Next, based on the method of analysis, experts from the field of entrepreneurship and innovation were gathered. The process of evaluation, weight identification and prioritization of indicators was also carried out by two methods of analytical network process (ANP) and a decision-making and assessment exam and laboratory (DEMATEL). This study clearly showed that individual abilities are the basis for creating innovation and entrepreneurship in the organization and the capabilities of the organization should provide the appropriate space and facilities to the individual to actualize these two. The most important criteria were job motivation with a weight of 0.3578, and training and learning in the form of individual skill level with a weight of 0.1240, respectively. The most important alternative that can be used as a target and model is the first of three subsidiaries of Kayson International Company, which has the best position in terms of priority with a weight above 0.4498. The next companies were in the second and third places with weights of 0.2579 and 0.2132, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Innovation
  • Multi-criteria Decision Making
  • ANP
  • DEMATEL
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