نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

2 استاد، دانشگاه صنعتی قم.

3 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر.

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر.

چکیده

ارتقای بازدارندگی دفاعی مستلزم تولید گسترده و متنوع محصولات و تجهیزات نظامی است که نیازمند به‌کارگیری ظرفیت‌ها و قابلیت‌های وسیع و متنوع صنعتی است. ازآنجاکه تصدی و تملک همه این قابلیت‌ها منطقی و اقتصادی نیست، بخشی از فعالیت‌های تولیدی در صنایع دفاعی، برون‌سپاری می­‌شود که به ایجاد شبکه گسترده و بزرگی از تأمین‌کنندگان منجر شده است. گستردگی این شبکه، تعاملات همکارانه و بهبود عملکرد زنجیره تأمین صنایع دفاعی را به یک چالش جدی برای مدیران تبدیل کرده است. گستردگی زنجیره تأمین سازمان‌های امروزی، مدیران را ترغیب می نماید که به روش‌ها و فناوری‌های نوین برای بهبود عملکرد زنجیره تأمین روی آورند. فناوری جدید بلاکچین با توجه به ویژگی‌های کلیدی مانند جعل‌ناپذیری، تمرکززدایی و شفافیت، از جمله فناوری‌هایی است که اخیراً موردتوجه قرار گرفته است؛ بنابراین این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش به‌کارگیری این فناوری در بهبود تعاملات همکارانه و عملکرد زنجیره تأمین صنایع دفاعی تدوین شده است. مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری برای بررسی فرضیه‌های پژوهش به­کار رفت. نتایج نشان داد که به‌کارگیری فناوری بلاکچین به­ترتیب با ضریب 851/0 و 439/0 دارای اثری مثبت و معنادار بر تعاملات همکارانه و عملکرد زنجیره بوده و ایجاد تعاملات همکارانه نیز با ضریب 469/0 به بهبود عملکرد زنجیره تأمین صنایع دفاعی منجر می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of using Blockchain Technology on Collaborative Interactions and Performance Improvement in the Defense Industry Supply Chain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Rahimi 1
  • peyman Akhavan 2
  • Maryam Philsofian 3
  • ali darabi 4

1 Ph.D, Shahid Beheshti University.

2 Professor, Qom University of Technology.

3 Ph.D Student, Malek Ashtar University of Technology.

4 Master Student, Malek Ashtar University of Technology.

چکیده [English]

Improving defense deterrence requires the extensive and diverse production of military products and equipment, which requires the use of vast and diverse industrial capacities and capabilities. Since the acquisition of all these capabilities is not economical, part of the production activities in the defense industry is outsourced, which has led to the creation of a large network of suppliers. The expansion of this network has made cooperative interactions and improving the supply chain performance of the defense industry a serious challenge for managers. The breadth of the supply chain of today''s organizations encourages managers to turn to new methods and technologies to improve supply chain performance. The new blockchain technology is one of the most recently considered technologies due to its key features such as forgery, decentralization, and transparency; Therefore, this study has been conducted with the aim of investigating the role of using this technology in improving collaborative interactions and supply chain performance of the defense industry. Structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results showed that the use of blockchain technology with a coefficient of 0.851 and 0.439, respectively, has a positive and significant effect on collaborative interactions and chain performance, and the creation of cooperative interactions with a coefficient of 0.469 leads to improving the supply chain performance of the defense industry.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blockchain technology
  • Supply Chain
  • collaborative interactions
  • Performance Improvement
  • Defense industry
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