تحلیل تطبیقی ـ فازی قابلیت نوآوری ملّی مبتنی بر نتایج مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌های شبکه‌ای پویا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

2 استاد، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

4 استادیار، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

10.52547/jimp.11.2.207

چکیده

در این پژوهش با ارائه چارچوب قابلیت نوآوری ملّی در قالب نظام چندبخشی، یک مدل شبکه‌­ای و پویا معرفی می‌­شود. در این نظام به‌منظور شناسایی مسئله عملکردی کشور، ابتدا با استفاده از تحلیل کتاب‌شناختی و برگزاری جلسه‌های گروه کانونی با خبرگان، مراحل و شاخص­‌های مدل فرایندی، شناسایی و طراحی شدند؛ سپس مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌­های شبکه‌­ای پویا برای محاسبه عملکرد کشور، در مقایسه با سایر کشورهای منطقه به‌­کار گرفته شد. نتایج مدل نشان داد که قابلیت نوآوری ملّی کشور در مرحله سوم، یعنی در تبدیل پتنت‌­ها به صادرات محصولات با فناوری بالا و کالاهای خلاقانه، ضعیف است. در ادامه به‌منظور ارائه سیاست پیشنهادی در ارتقای عملکرد کشور در مرحله سوم، با استفاده از تحلیل تطبیقی کیفی مجموعه فازی (fsQCA) ترکیبات ابعاد نهادها، سرمایه انسانی و پژوهش، زیرساخت، پیچیدگی بازار و پیچیدگی کسب‌وکار موردبررسی قرار گرفت و برای کالیبره‌‌کردن داده­ها از روش خوشه‌بندی K-MEANS استفاده شد. خروجی تحلیل یادشده نشان داد که ترکیب دو بُعد نهادها و سرمایه انسانی/ پژوهش در ارتقای عملکرد کشور شرط کافی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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