نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران.

2 استادیار، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران.

چکیده

در این پژوهش طراحی شبکه برای مدیریت پسماندهای شهری از دید یک سازمان که زباله‌های مختلف را جمع‌آوری کرده (مانند شهرداری) و در ازای دریافت زباله به مناطق تولید زباله پول پرداخت می‌کند، مطالعه شده است. تعیین مبلغ پرداختی برای دریافت زباله و همچنین تصمیم در مورد برون‌سپاری پس از دریافت زباله‌های تفکیک‌ شده، موضوع‌هایی هستند که باید در مورد آن تصمیم‌گیری ‌شود. در صورت برون‌سپاری، مزایده برگزار می‌شود و شرکت‌های بازیافتی و کمپوستی با ارائه‌ قیمت‌ در این مزایده شرکت می‌کنند. شرکت مناسب در صورت وجود انتخاب می‌شود و درصورتی‌که برون‌سپاری صرفه‌ اقتصادی نداشته باشد، زباله‌ها توسط خود سازمان جمع‌آوری‌کننده پردازش می‌شوند و تصمیم‌های مربوطه برای تأسیس تسهیلات و مکان‌یابی و تخصیص آن‌ها به نقاط تولید زباله اخذ می‌شود. مسئله در قالب یک مدل دوسطحی مدل‌سازی شد که در سطح اول سازمان جمع‌آوری‌کننده به‌عنوان رهبر و در سطح دوم شرکت‌های داوطلب برای شرکت در مزایده در نقش پیرو با هم رقابت می‌کنند و تصمیم‌گیرنده هستند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Bi-Level Programming Model for the Design of a Municipal Solid Waste Management Network by Holding Tenders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nastaran Sadeghian Sharif 1
  • Mir Saman Pishvaee 2

1 MA Student, Iran University of Science and Technology.

2 Assistant Professor, Iran University of Science and Technology.

چکیده [English]

In this study, the design of a network for municipal solid waste management has been studied from the viewpoint of an organization (e.g. Municipality) which collects different types of waste from all over the city and pays waste generation points in exchange for waste. Determining purchase price for waste and forming outsourcing policies are matters to be decided upon. In case of outsourcing, auction will be held and the private company who their business is recycling and composting can participate by bidding, which results in the selection of an organization or non-outsourcing. The problem is modelled as a bi-level model, in the first level, Municipality decides as the leader on outsourcing, and if outsourcing is agreed upon, a company is selected. In the second level, bidders compete as followers in the auction for receiving more waste from the organization and offer prices.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Network Design of Municipal Solid Waste
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management
  • Bi-Level Programming
  • Auction
  • Pricing
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