نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مهندسی صنایع، گروه مهندسی صنایع، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

2 کارشناس مدیریت کیفیت و بهبود روش‌ها، شرکت مدیریت بهره‌برداری تولید برق فارس، شیراز، ایران.

10.52547/jimp.12.2.199

چکیده

ارزیابی عملکرد، امری ضروری در تولید پایدار و سبز شرکت‌هایی مانند نیروگاه‌های حرارتی به‌­شمار می‌رود. کارت امتیازی متوازن پایدار (SBSC) یکی از مدل‌های رایج در این زمینه است. در SBSC وزن منظرها/ شاخص‌ها/ زیرشاخص‌ها (عناصر) یکسان در نظر گرفته می‌شود؛ درصورتی‌که در مسائل واقعی ممکن است این‌گونه نباشد. در این پژوهش ابتدا یک مدل برنامه‌ریزی ریاضی برای محاسبه وزن نهایی عناصر در ساختار سلسله‌مراتبی با استفاده از روش بهترین‌­بدترین ارائه شد؛ سپس با ایده‌­گرفتن از مفاهیم طراحی ساختار سلسله‌مراتبی در فرآیند تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی، چهار ویژگی ساختار مطلوب کاربردی عناصر تعریف شد. در ادامه با استفاده از مدل وزن‌دهی پیشنهادی، چهار ویژگی تعریف شده و آستانه‌های قابل‌قبول نرخ سازگاری، الگوریتمی برای طراحی ساختار چندسطحی عناصر مسئله‌ها و تعیین وزن آن‌ها ارائه شد. با اجرای الگوریتم پیشنهادی برای ساختاردهی و وزن‌دهی به عناصر ارزیابی عملکرد SBSC در نیروگاه‌های حرارتی کشور در راستای تولید پایدار و سبز، ساختار سلسله‌مراتبی چهارسطحی وزن‌دار مدل SBSC شامل 50 عنصر ارزیابی عملکرد ارائه شد؛ سپس با توجه به عناصر به­کار رفته در ساختار حاصل‌شده، فهرست مناسبی از شاخص‌های تولید پایدار و سبز منطبق با نیروگاه‌های حرارتی کشور استخراج شد. یافته‌ها نشان‌دهنده مناسب‌­بودن عملکرد الگوریتم پیشنهادی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Giving Structure and Weight to Sustainable and Green Production Indicators of Iranian Thermal Power Plants using Best-Worst Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Abbasi 1
  • Mohammad Reza Dehghani 2

1 Assistant Professor of Industrial Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Expert in Quality Management and Improvement of Methods, Fars Power Generation Management Company, Shiraz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Performance evaluation is necessary for sustainable and green production of companies such as thermal power plants. Sustainability Balanced Scorecard (SBSC) is a common model in this area. Assumption in SBSC is perspectives/indicators/sub-indicators (elements) weight equality that may be problematic in real-world problems. In this paper, firstly a mathematical model was presented to calculate global weight of elements in hierarchical structure by Best-Worst Method (BWM). Then, four properties of the desirable practical structure of the elements were defined by getting idea from designing hierarchical structure concepts in the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Then, an algorithm was presented to design multi-level structure of problems elements and give weights to them using the proposed giving weight model, four properties of the desirable practical structure, and Consistency Ratio Thresholds. A four-level hierarchical structure including 50 identified performance evaluation elements of SBSC model was presented using the proposed algorithm for giving structure and weight to performance evaluation SBSC elements in Iranian thermal power plants according to green and sustainable production. Finally, by considering the elements used in the resulting structure, a suitable indicators list of Iranian thermal power plants according to green and sustainable production was derived. The findings indicate the suitability of the proposed algorithm.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Performance Evaluation
  • Hierarchical Structure
  • Sustainability Balanced Scorecard (SBSC)
  • Best-Worst Method (BWM)
  • Thermal Power Plants
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