نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت صنعتی،‌ مدیریت سیستم، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ‌ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ‌ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش ارزیابی میزان لارج­‌بودن فعالیت‌­های یک شرکت موجود در یک زنجیره تأمین در چارچوب کارت امتیازی متوازن و با کمک­‌گرفتن از روش مدل­‌سازی دینامیکی است. در این پژوهش برای ارزیابی میزان لارج‌بودن عملکرد شرکت از روش ادغامی مفاهیم لارج و کارت امتیازی متوازن استفاده گردید؛ بدین ترتیب که ابتدا اهداف استراتژیک تدوین و در چارچوب روش کارت امتیازی متوازن، شاخص­هایی انتخاب گردید که لارج‌بودن عملکرد شرکت را نشان دهد و سپس این شاخص‌­ها به همراه متغیرهای کمکی وارد مدل دینامیکی شده است. مدل دینامیکی طراحی‌شده که شامل سنجه‌های کارت امتیازی متوازن است برای یک شرکت فعال در صنعت قطعه‌سازی اجرا شده است. بر اساس اهداف استراتژیک شرکت، سناریوهایی تعریف و اثرات آن بر عملکرد شرکت و میزان لارج­بودن زنجیره تأمین ارزیابی شده است. با تحلیل سناریوها مشخص شد که با تغییر هر پارامتر در مدل دینامیکی بعضی از عناصر لارج افزایش و به‌طور هم‌زمان بعضی دیگر از عناصر کاهش می‌یابد. برای مثال، با افزایش بهره‌وری آموزش میزان ناب و تاب‌آوری افزایش می‌‌یابد؛ اما بر محیط‌زیست بدون تأثیر است. با استفاده از مدل دینامیکی طراحی‌شده می‌توان اثر هر اقدام و تصمیم مدیریتی را بر رویکردهای چهارگانه لارج تعیین کرده و میزان تحقق اهداف استراتژیک را مشخص کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A System Dynamics Model for Balanced Performance Evaluation of A LARG Supply Chain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Atefi 1
  • Reza Radfar 2
  • Ezatollah Asgharizade 3

1 Ph.D student, Department of Systems Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the level to which a company’s activities in a supply chain are LARG. In this study, an integrated method is used to evaluate the LARG supply chain performance of a company resulting from the integration of LARG concepts and Balanced Scorecard approach. The BSC measures are selected based on the LARG concepts, and then the indicators entered into the dynamic model. Variables are changed in different scenarios to analyze changes in the company’s performance. Scenarios are designed to evaluate the supply chain performance using the strategic objectives. The results show that simultaneous implementation of LARG elements is not possible due to the trade off relationship. By analyzing the scenarios, it was found that by changing each parameter in the dynamic model, some LARG elements increase and at the same time, some other elements decrease. For example, by increasing the productivity of education, the level of leanness and resilience increases, but it has no effect on the environment. Using the designed dynamic model, the effect of each managerial action and decision on LARG can be determined and the extent to which strategic goals can be achieved.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • System Dynamics
  • LARG Supply Chain Management
  • Performance Evaluation
  • Scenario Planning
  • Balanced Scorecard
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