رویکردی ترکیبی برای توسعه مدل ساختاری عوامل مؤثر بر همکاری در زنجیره تأمین صنایع لوازم‌خانگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی.

2 استاد، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی.

چکیده

همکاری زنجیره تأمین بعنوان یک رویکرد جمعی مؤثر علیه رقبای بازار، در پی بهبود عملکرد زنجیره تأمین است. برای شکل­‌گیری همکاری در زنجیره تأمین باید به این پرسش پاسخ داد که عوامل مؤثر بر همکاری زنجیره تأمین کدام‌­اند و روابط میان آنها چگونه است؟ برای پاسخگویی به این سؤال‌ها، این پژوهش با به‌کارگیری رویکردی ترکیبی در پی توسعه مدلی از عوامل مؤثر بر همکاری زنجیره تأمین است. بدین‌­منظور پس از مرور نظام­‌مند پژوهش‌های حوزه همکاری زنجیره تأمین که با هدف شناسایی عوامل مؤثر انجام شد، با به‌کارگیری مدل پشتیبانی اجماع گسسته میان خبرگان اجماع حاصل شد و عوامل منتخب شناسایی شدند؛ سپس با به‌کارگیری دو رویکرد مدل‌سازی ساختاری ـ تفسیری و نقشه‌های شناختی فازی، ضمن شناسایی روابط و تعاملات و همچنین تقسیم‌بندی نوع متغیرها، قوت روابط میان آن‌ها نیز تعیین شد. به‌کارگیری این دو روش مکمل، ضمن رفع نقاط ضعف این دو رویکرد، موجب تقویت مدل ساختاری حاصل به شکل کمّی­‌کردن قوت روابط می­‌شود. مدل حاصل ضمن اینکه نحوه اثرگذاری متغیرهای مؤثر بر همکاری را از حیث سطوح و تقدم و تأخر مشخص می‌سازد، قدرت انتخاب در مورد قوت متغیرها را نیز فراهم می­‌آورد که می‌­تواند مبنایی مناسب برای تصمیم­‌گیری مدیران به‌­منظور توسعه همکاری زنجیره تأمین فراهم کند. 

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