بررسی نقش پارک‌های علم و فناوری در عملکرد نوآورانه شرکت‌های حوزه ICT

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

2 استادیار، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

10.29252/jimp.9.2.57

چکیده

پارک‌های علم و فناوری به منظور ایجاد محیطی امن و پویا برای شرکت‌های حاضر در اقتصاد ملی تشکیل شده اند تا نیرویی فزاینده برای رشد و توسعه اقتصادی کشور باشند. از کارکردهای مهم و اساسی پارک‌های علم و فناوری کمک به افزایش نوآوری شرکت‌های مستقر و رقابت‌پذیری بیشتر آن‌ها است. با توجه به سیاست­گذاری دولت در توسعه پارک‌های علم و فناوری، هدف از این پژوهش بررسی نقش پارک‌های علم و فناوری در عملکرد نوآورانه شرکت‌های حوزه فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات مستقر در آن­ها است. در این پژوهش از روش تلفیقی (کیفی و کمی) استفاده شده و به‌منظور تحقق این هدف، با 11 خبره مصاحبه انجام شد و به تحلیل 83 پرسشنامه به‌دست‌آمده به‌عنوان نمونه پژوهش پرداخته شده است. بررسی سؤالات پژوهش، با استفاده از روش معادلات ساختاری و تحلیل مسیر و با کمک نرم‌افزار SmartPLS انجام شده ‌است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که کارکردهای قانونی، شبکه‌سازی، پشتیبانی و سازمانی، مدیریت دانش و فرهنگی پارک‌های علم و فناوری، به ترتیب بیشترین تأثیرات را در عملکرد نوآورانه شرکت‌های حوزه ICT مستقر دارند.

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