آینده پژوهی در تعیین راهبردهای کیفیت خدمات گمرک و لجستیک به مشتریان با رویکرد سناریونگاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه هرمزگان.

2 استادیار، دانشگاه هرمزگان.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، آینده­پژوهی در کیفیت خدمات گمرک با مدل سرکوال (1988) و پیشنهاد راهبرد­های مناسب برای مواجه با هر سناریو است. این پژوهش با رویکرد سناریونگاری، در «گمرک شهید رجایی» انجام شده است. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و از حیث روش، پیمایشی است که در سطح اکتشافی صورت گرفت. در مرحله اول و تعیین تأثیرات متوازن متقابل، از هیئت شانزده‌نفره­ای از متخصصان، برای پر‌کردن پرسشنامه استفاده شد؛ سپس با نرم‌افزار سناریو ویزارد با روش آنالیز متوازن تأثیرات متقابل 79­ سناریو به‌دست آمد که از میان هشت سناریو قابل‌قبول (قوی)؛ سه سناریو، (خوش‌بینانه، محتمل و بدبینانه) انتخاب شد. در مرحله دوم نیز به­صورت هدفمند هیئت پنج‌نفره­ای از خبرگان گمرک که در مرحله قبل با روش نمونه­گیری قضاوتی انتخاب شده بودند، برای تدوین اقدامات و سیاست­های لازم در گروه متمرکز، انتخاب شدند؛ درنهایت گروه متمرکز خبرگان، 12 راهبرد برای سناریو خوش­بینانه، 6 راهبرد برای سناریو محتمل و 8 راهبرد نیز برای سناریو بدبینانه پیشنهاد کردند.

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