مدل برنامه‌ریزی دوسطحی برای طراحی شبکه مدیریت پسماندهای شهری تحت شرایط برگزاری مزایده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران.

2 استادیار، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران.

چکیده

در این پژوهش طراحی شبکه برای مدیریت پسماندهای شهری از دید یک سازمان که زباله‌های مختلف را جمع‌آوری کرده (مانند شهرداری) و در ازای دریافت زباله به مناطق تولید زباله پول پرداخت می‌کند، مطالعه شده است. تعیین مبلغ پرداختی برای دریافت زباله و همچنین تصمیم در مورد برون‌سپاری پس از دریافت زباله‌های تفکیک‌ شده، موضوع‌هایی هستند که باید در مورد آن تصمیم‌گیری ‌شود. در صورت برون‌سپاری، مزایده برگزار می‌شود و شرکت‌های بازیافتی و کمپوستی با ارائه‌ قیمت‌ در این مزایده شرکت می‌کنند. شرکت مناسب در صورت وجود انتخاب می‌شود و درصورتی‌که برون‌سپاری صرفه‌ اقتصادی نداشته باشد، زباله‌ها توسط خود سازمان جمع‌آوری‌کننده پردازش می‌شوند و تصمیم‌های مربوطه برای تأسیس تسهیلات و مکان‌یابی و تخصیص آن‌ها به نقاط تولید زباله اخذ می‌شود. مسئله در قالب یک مدل دوسطحی مدل‌سازی شد که در سطح اول سازمان جمع‌آوری‌کننده به‌عنوان رهبر و در سطح دوم شرکت‌های داوطلب برای شرکت در مزایده در نقش پیرو با هم رقابت می‌کنند و تصمیم‌گیرنده هستند. 

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