توسعه مدل شبکه زنجیره تأمین حلقه‌بسته چندهدفه و چنددوره‌ای تحت شرایط عدم‌قطعیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت، واحدکرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه کردستان.

4 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، واحدکرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

چکیده

امروزه بحث استفاده مجدد از محصولات مصرفی اهمیت خاصی یافته است. ازآنجاکه زنجیره تأمین حلقه‌بسته نه‌تنها جریان روبه‌جلو بلکه شامل جریان معکوس نیز ‌می‌شود، لذا شرکت‌هایی موفق هستند که بین زنجیره تأمین مستقیم و معکوس، یکپارچگی ایجاد کنند. مدل ارائه‌شده در این مقاله، چندهدفه، چندسطحی، چند دوره‌ای و تک‌محصولی در شرایط عدم‌قطعیت است. توابع هدف مدل شامل حداقل‌کردن هزینه‌ها، افزایش سود حاصل از محصول بازیافتی، کاهش اثرات منفی زیست‌محیطی ناشی از تولید، حمل و بازیافت محصول است. به‌منظور حل مسئله، از رویکرد(TH)  که یکی از روش‌های تبدیل توابع چندهدفه به تک‌هدفه است، استفاده شده است. برای اعتبارسنجی مدل پیشنهادی، مثال‌های عددی متعدد طرح شده و حل گردیده‌اند. همچنین جهت بررسی کاربرد مدل ارائه‌شده، یک مطالعه موردی روی محصول برانکارد در یکی از شرکت‌های صنایع بیمارستانی در تهران انجام شده است. به‌علاوه برای بررسی اثر تغییرات پارامترهای مؤثر بر بهبود اهداف، تحلیل حساسیت بر روی پارامترهای بودجه، ظرفیت تولید و ضریب عدم قطعیت صورت گرفته است که نتایج، نشان‌دهنده تأثیر قابل‌توجه ظرفیت تولید و بودجه بر افزایش سود حاصل از قطعات بازیافتی و همچنین تأثیر ضریب تقاضای فازی بر توابع هدف هزینه و اثرات زیست‌محیطی به‌صورت افزایشی است.

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