Identifying and Ranking Appropriate Resilience Supply Chain Strategies, Hybrid Approach of Game Theory and Fuzzy MCDM

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor, University of Tehran.

2 Ph.D. Student, University of Tehran.

3 Ph.D. Student, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University.


Happening various crisis on efficiency and effectiveness of enterprises and organizations supply chain, has made organizational researchers and expertise so willing for more attention and studies on the concept of risk in supply chain and how to confronting with that. Resiliency and its strategies are one of the newest concept in supply chain is as an approach for facing and managing probable risk in supply chain. As the importance of subject, this paper by using organizational expert’s ideas to identification of proper strategy for implementation in a manufacturing company based on recent resilience supply chain studies. For this purpose an innovative hybrid approach of Game Theory model and multi criteria decision making (MCDM (methods in the fuzzy environment has been applied. At first pay-off matrix with non-constant sum game was formed then multiple criteria has been identified for finding best strategies between multiple Nash equilibrium. Then FAHP and FVIKOR has been used for determining weight of criteria and choosing best strategy respectively and with respect to expert’s viewpoints. In this regard, the results showed that from the point of view of experts and organizational experts to choose the best strategy, the criterion of the cost of implementing the strategy has highest importance degree, as well as among the three equilibrium combinations strategy, increasing visibility and increasing velocity strategy is the best strategy combination to enhance supply chain resiliency.


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