Analysis Relationships among Practices of Supply Chain Management Paradigms and Performance Measures by Interpretive Structural Modeling Approach (ISM)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor, Tehran University.

2 Associate Professor, Tehran University.

3 Ph.D Student, Alborz Campous of Tehran University.


Nowadays, companies are seeking to find suitable supply chain paradigms to gain better performance and improve their competitiveness. Because competition between supply chains has been replaced by competition between companies. Among different paradigms in supply chain management, integrating lean, agile and resilient paradigms are considered as a new idea to gain better performance and competitiveness. The main purpose of this paper is to determine the importance practices of lean, agile and resilient that top managers should focus on them to improve their supply chain's performance. To this end, interpretive structural modeling (ISM) approach is used to analyze relationships among lean, agile and resilient practices and supply chain performance measures. This approach classifies variables according to their driving or dependence power. As the results shows, the practice "supplier relationship" is with strong driving power and also, performance measure "cash-to-cash cycle" is with weak driving power and strong dependence power. It means that, this measure is strongly influenced by the other variables but does not affect them.


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