Extra-Organizational Factors Influencing Knowledge Management in Supply Chain: A Combinational Approach of Factor Analysis and Interpretive Structural Modeling

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Semnan University.

2 Ph.D Candidate, Semnan University.

3 Faculty Member, Islamic Azad University.


Extra-organizational factors are among impressive aspects on knowledge management and its processes in supply chain, but the relevant literature suffers from lack of studies about Extra-organizational factors compared with intra-organizational factors. The main Purpose of this research is to provide a model for extra-organizational factors effective on knowledge management in supply chain of automotive industry. This research is conducted by survey method in supply chains of Iran Khodro and SAIPA companies. In this model, four key elements were suggested for extra-organizational factors effective on knowledge management in supply chain of automotive industry. Then, through Interpretive Structural Modeling, graded model of the study was determined. Afterward, through Confirmative Factor Analysis, indicators of each aspect in different levels of interpretive structural model were defined. Research findings showed that, professional environment of industry and Supply Chain Strategy are in the highest level, then Supply Chain Culture and macro-environmental factors are in the second level of the introduced model.


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