Presenting an Integrated Model of the Executive Requirements for Sustainable World-Class Manufacturing in the Food Industry (Case Study: Oilseed Products)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

2 Master's student, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

3 Ph.D., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.



Introduction: Globalization is a dynamic and evolving process that presents various challenges to individuals and organizations worldwide. To sustain themselves in the current environment, all organizations and industries must acquire the ability to compete globally. This transition towards world-class manufacturing allows them to meet both domestic needs and international customer demands. This study aims to develop an integrated model of the executive requirements for sustainable world-class manufacturing in the food industry, specifically focusing on oilseed products.
Methods: This qualitative research employs a grounded theory approach to create a paradigm model. The primary data collection method involved structured interviews with specialists and experts in the oilseed production sector. Data were analyzed using Atlas software based on grounded theory and the paradigm model, following three stages of coding: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. Through this process, concepts emerge from the codes, categories from the concepts, and theories from the categories. By examining the similarities and differences within these categories, connections can be discovered, leading to the development of new compositions. The executive requirements for sustainable world-class manufacturing were then analyzed and the model validated through theoretical testing.
Result and Discossion: Data analysis revealed that causal conditions are divided into intra-organizational infrastructure, including management, supply chain, and marketing infrastructures, and external environment infrastructure, including agricultural knowledge and policy infrastructure. These factors directly influence the occurrence of the phenomenon, which is the executive requirements for sustainable world-class manufacturing in the food industry. The implementation of strategies at the organizational level (including marketing, sales, knowledge acquisition, production process, management, and human resources strategies) and macro-level strategies (policy-making) are influenced by intervening conditions (external challenges such as export, policy, community, and climate challenges, and internal organizational challenges such as management, production, and human resources challenges) and contextual conditions (existing national conditions). These factors lead to consequences categorized into national interests and business development.
Conclusions: Each model and its implementation have specific consequences. The presented model for sustainable world-class manufacturing outlines consequences aligned with internal, societal, environmental, and external impacts, categorized under national interests and business development. These include improving human resource indicators, production processes, innovation opportunities, marketing management, financial benefits, and branding. This model is tailored for implementation in Iran and has been validated by all interview participants.


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