Investigating the Effect of using Blockchain Technology on Collaborative Interactions and Performance Improvement in the Defense Industry Supply Chain

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D, Shahid Beheshti University.

2 Professor, Qom University of Technology.

3 Ph.D Student, Malek Ashtar University of Technology.

4 Master Student, Malek Ashtar University of Technology.


Improving defense deterrence requires the extensive and diverse production of military products and equipment, which requires the use of vast and diverse industrial capacities and capabilities. Since the acquisition of all these capabilities is not economical, part of the production activities in the defense industry is outsourced, which has led to the creation of a large network of suppliers. The expansion of this network has made cooperative interactions and improving the supply chain performance of the defense industry a serious challenge for managers. The breadth of the supply chain of today''s organizations encourages managers to turn to new methods and technologies to improve supply chain performance. The new blockchain technology is one of the most recently considered technologies due to its key features such as forgery, decentralization, and transparency; Therefore, this study has been conducted with the aim of investigating the role of using this technology in improving collaborative interactions and supply chain performance of the defense industry. Structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results showed that the use of blockchain technology with a coefficient of 0.851 and 0.439, respectively, has a positive and significant effect on collaborative interactions and chain performance, and the creation of cooperative interactions with a coefficient of 0.469 leads to improving the supply chain performance of the defense industry.


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