The Relationship between Logistics Capability and Risk in Freight Transport Supply Chain Resilience with Canonical Correlation Analysis Approach

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Payame Noor University.

2 Assistant Professor, Imam Hussein University.


In this study, to find supply chain resilience strategies, 14 indicators for logistics capability and 13 indicators for risk were achieved from factor analysis. The logistics capability questionnaire was filled by customers, and the risk questionnaire was answered by managers and employees of transport companies. Six factors for the logistics capability and five factors for the risk were detected through factor analysis. Indicators were analyzed by canonical correlation using SPSS software. Findings from the canonical correlation analysis show a suitable linear combination and a significant correlation between the logistics capability and risk variables. In the first canonical coefficient, the amount of variance was 81%, and in the second canonical coefficient of variance, 78% was obtained between two canonical linear combinations. The results show that risk indices can cause changes in logistics capability up to 13.2%, and logistics capability indices can change up to 16.8% in the risk variable. Moreover, insurance and safety guarantee indicators and timely delivery of goods have the greatest impact on improving logistics, and fleet delays and fuel supply problems of the transport fleet have the greatest impact on increasing risk.


Main Subjects

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