بررسی زنجیره تأمین حلقه‌باز و حلقه‌بسته تحت شرایط عدم‌قطعیت (موردمطالعه: شرکت ایران ترانسفو)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک و صنایع، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک و صنایع، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

یکی از عوامل اصلی رقابت در فضای رقابتی کنونی «زنجیره تأمین» است؛ به­‌طوری­‌که کارخانه‌­ها و سازمان­‌ها برای افزایش کارایی و اثربخشی، و دستیابی به اهداف و آرمان‌های خود، ملزم به داشتن یک زنجیره تأمین مناسب هستند. از طرفی به‌­دلیل افزایش روز‌افزون آلودگی­‌های زیست­‌محیطی و الزامات دولت­‌ها برای مقابله با آلودگی‌های زیست­‌محیطی، سازمان­‌ها ملزم به به­‌کارگیری زنجیره‌­های تأمین سبز هستند که مسائل زیست­‌محیطی را در کنار مسائل مالی مدنظر قرار می‌­دهد؛ از­این­‌رو در این پژوهش یک مدل دو­هدفه زنجیره تأمین حلقه‌­بسته سبز تحت شرایط عدم‌­قطعیت ارائه شده است که جنبه­‌های زیست‌‌محیطی را در کنار جنبه‌­های اقتصادی در نظر می‌­گیرد. جنبه بسیار مهم دیگر در طراحی شبکه زنجیره تأمین، عدم‌­قطعیت است. به دلیل تحولات اجتماعی و سیاسی و کمیابی مواد اولیه برای تولید، عدم‌­قطعیت عامل مهمی در مدل‌های شبکه زنجیره تأمین است. به همین دلیل در این مدل با درنظرگرفتن عدم‌­قطعیت سعی در انطباق مدل با شرایط واقعی شده است. نتایج حاکی از آن است که طراحی زنجیره­‌های تأمین سبز با درنظرگرفتن عدم‌­قطعیت باعث انعطاف­‌پذیری هرچه بیشتر مدل در برابر نوسانات بازار، تحولات اجتماعی و سیاسی و غیره می‌­شود. به­‌منظور بررسی کارایی و عملکرد مدل ارائه­‌شده، مدل مذکور بر روی شرکت ایران ترانسفو پیاده سازی شده است. 

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