عوامل برون‌سازمانی مؤثر بر مدیریت دانش در زنجیره تأمین: رویکردی ترکیبی از تحلیل عاملی و مدل‌سازی ساختاری - تفسیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استایار، دانشگاه سمنان.

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه سمنان.

3 عضو هیئت علمی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی.

چکیده

یکی از ابعاد اثرگذار بر مدیریت دانش و فرآیندهای آن در زنجیره تأمین، عوامل برون‌سازمانی است که نسبت به عوامل درون‌سازمانی (راهبردهای سازمانی، فرهنگ سازمانی و یا ساختار سازمانی)، سهم بسیار کمتری از پژوهش‌های مدیریت دانش را به خود تخصیص داده است. هدف اصلی این پژوهش، ارائه مدلی برای عوامل برون‌سازمانی مؤثر بر مدیریت دانش در زنجیره تأمین صنعت خودروسازی است. این پژوهشِ کاربردی در زنجیره تأمین شرکت‌های «ایران‌خودرو» و «سایپا» و به‌صورتی پیمایشی صورت گرفته است. در این مدل برای عوامل برون‌سازمانی مؤثر بر مدیریت دانش در زنجیره تأمین صنعت خودرو، چهار بُعد کلیدی پیشنهاد شد.؛ سپس از طریق روش مدل‌سازی ساختاری ـ تفسیری، مدل سطح‌بندی‌شده پژوهش مشخص شد و با استفاده از تکنیک تحلیل عاملی تأییدی، شاخص‌های هر یک از ابعاد در سطوح مختلف مدل ساختاری تفسیری شناسایی شدند. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که در میان این عوامل، محیط تخصصی صنعت و راهبرد زنجیره تأمین در بالاترین سطح قرار گرفته است و فرهنگ زنجیره تأمین و عوامل کلان محیطی در سطح دوم مدل معرفی‌شده قرار می‌گیرند.

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