طراحی مدل سنجش تاب آوری زنجیره تأمین با رویکرد مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس.

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس.

3 استاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس.

چکیده

امروزه پیچیدگی­ های محیط کسب‌وکار، عدم ­اطمینان و نوسانات محیطی، زنجیره تأمین را در برابر انواع مختلفی از خطرات آسیب­ پذیر کرده است؛ بنابراین مدیریت زنجیره تأمین باید به سمت رویکردهای متفاوت و نوآورانه­ ای حرکت کند تا بتواند قابلیت ­های مواجهه با این خطرات را بهبود بخشد. پژوهش حاضر قصد دارد تا ضمن بررسی هرچه بیشتر مفهوم تاب­ آوری زنجیره تأمین و مطالعات صورت­ گرفته در این حوزه، مدلی جامع برای سنجش میزان تاب­ آوری زنجیره تأمین با استفاده از رویکرد مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری ارائه دهد. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل کلیه کارشناسان ستادی واحد‌های تولید، توزیع و فروش «شرکت ایران‌خودرو» است و به‌منظور جمع‌آوری داده‌های پژوهش از ابزار پرسشنامه، شامل 49 سؤال با طیف پنج گزینه‌ای لیکرت استفاده شد. نتایج اجرای مدل نشان داد که متغیر­های انعطاف ­پذیری، فرهنگ مدیریت ریسک، همکاری، افزونگی و چابکی به­ترتیب بیشترین نقش را در تبیین تغییرات تاب­ آوری زنجیره تأمین دارند و مدل پژوهش توانسته بیش از 99 درصد از این تغییرات را تبیین کند. 

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